July 15
1879 – Joseph Campbell, poet, is born in Belfast. He is famous for the English words he wrote to the song My Lagan Love
1899 – Sean Lemass is born in Dublin. He was the second leader of Fianna Fáil and third Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland from 1959 to 1966
1927 – Countess Constance de Markievicz, Irish patriot, dies
1930 – After De Valera abolishes the oath of allegiance and withholds land annuities from the British Government, retaliatory trade legislation begins the ‘economic war’
1942 – Brendan (‘Paddy’) Finucane from Dublin – the RAF’s youngest ever Wing Commander at 21 years of age – is shot down and killed off the French coast
1998 – The Irish Nurses Organisation warns that the shortage of qualified nurses has reached crisis levels
1999 – It’s revealed that since 1998, all telephone, e-mail and fax messages between Ireland and Britain, and probably the United States, were tapped by the British Government

July 16
1803 – Following an explosion at his arms depot on this date, Robert Emmet brings forward his planned rebellion in Dublin to 23 July
1929 – The Censorship of Publications Act is passed
1999 – Olympic champion Michelle de Bruin is stripped of her Irish swimming records; the triple gold medal winner at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta was banned for four years by the FINA in August of 1998 for tampering with a urine sample
2000 – The All Party Committee on the Constitution rejects total ban on abortion
2002 – The IRA leadership issues a statement which includes an apology for the killing of ‘non-combatants.’ Northern Ireland secretary, Dr John Reid, welcomes the gesture as one of unprecedented strength.

July 17
1846 – Birth of Fenian, John McLure. He is one of 30 Fenian prisoners released in a general amnesty by the British government on January 5, 1871. They are released on condition that they exile themselves to the country of their choice and not return until their sentences have expired. Many choose to go to Australia, but John McClure, Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa, John Devoy, Henry Mulleda and Charles Underwood O’Connell, who had all been imprisoned together, decide to go to America and ship out from Liverpool on board the “Cuba.” The so-called ‘Cuba Five’ arrive in New York to a hero’s welcome and even receive a resolution of welcome from the US House of Representatives
1884 – Louise Gavan Duffy, teacher and revolutionary, is born in Nice
1945 – Shannon Airport and customs free zone opened
1951 – Dublin’s Abbey Theatre is destroyed by fire
2002 – New birth figures show that one in three children in Ireland are born out of wedlock.

July 18
1561 – Battle of Red Sagums – Shane O’Neill defeats English
1579 – James Fitzmaurice lands forces in Dingle with the intention of encouraging an uprising against England
1689 – The Mountjoy ship breaks the blockading boom and ends the Siege of Derry after 238 days
1794 – Feargus O’Connor, a leader of the Chartist movement, is born in Connorville, Co. Cork
1870 – Michael Davitt is sentenced to 15 years’ penal servitude for gun-running
1874 – Cathal Brugha (Charles Burgess) an anti-Treaty nationalist,is born in Dublin
1920 – 19 people are killed in four days of sectarian violence in Derry
1951 – The Abbey Theatre in Dublin burns down. The play that evening closed with soldiers on stage singing, “Keep the Home Fires Burning”.
1966 – The rebuilt Abbey Theatre re-opens
1970 – After having been in prison for unlawful assembly and breach of peace, the “anti-popery” Reverend Ian Paisley is elected to Westminster

July 19
1608 – Preparations commence for the plantation of six Ulster counties (Armagh, Cavan, Coleraine, Donegal, Fermanagh and Tyrone)
1735 – Garrett Wellesley, 1st Earl of Mornington, politician, musician, and father of Duke of Wellington, is born in Dublin
1982 – Dexy’s Midnight Runners reach No. 1 in the British charts with Come On Eileen
1998 – Garvan McGinley, national organizer of the Progressive Democrat Party resigns
1998 – It is confirmed that three chaplains have quit the Orange Order and another dozen are considering their future in the wake of the Drumcree stand-off and the murders of the Quinn children in Ballymoney
1999 – Amnesty International honors its longest serving member in Ireland, Iris Bardon, with a presentation on her 100th birthday.

July 20
1616 – Death in Rome of Hugh O’Neill, 3rd Baron Dungannon and 2nd Earl of Tyrone. He led an unsuccessful uprising against the English, and was eventually forced into exile as part of “the Flight of Earls.”
1798 – Rebel camp at Timahoe surrenders
1835 – First report of the select committee on Orangeism is presented to the House of Commons
1922 – The Free State army takes Limerick from the anti-treaty Republicans
1933 – Eoin O’Duff becomes leader of the National Guard (‘Blueshirts’)
1982 – The IRA kills ten servicemen in bomb attacks in Hyde Park and Regent’s Park, London
1998 – Seven-year old Adele Chapman from Derry leaves hospital; 12 weeks earlier, she became Britains first triple-organ transplant child when she underwent a pioneering liver, pancreas and small bowel transplant at Birmingham Children’s Hospital

July 21
1750 – Under-Secretary Waite reports to Chief Secretary Weston that “This morning I am informed that Lord Allen and Captain Eustace of Irvine’s have slit if not cut off a great part of a gentleman’s nose in a fray which happened a day or two ago in the road between Dublin and Naas. The occasion of it was very trifling, such as the gentleman returning the salutation of a fellow which they gave him and which they thought proper to deem an affront upon persons of their rank and in red coats.” The victim, a Mr. Butler from Co. Tipperary, indicts Allen and Eustace in the courts; Waite writes on 11 August that Allen “will have three or four Butlers to fight after they have harassed him by due course of law”
1903 – Edward VII and Queen Alexandra visit Ireland
1920 – 12 people die in Belfast riots which take place from 21-24 July
1920 – Sectarian violence continues in Derry
1920 – Catholics are forced out of Dromore, Co. Down following the funeral of an RIC man
1922 – The Free State army takes Waterford from the anti-treaty Republicans
1964 – Steve Collins, World Middleweight Boxing Champion, is born in Dublin
1972 – ‘Bloody Friday’ in Belfast; the Provisional IRA kills 19 and injures 130 in 22 bomb attacks