September 1

1737 – Launch of the Belfast News Letter, now the oldest surviving newspaper in Ireland or Britain, and one of the oldest in the world

1830 – The “Wild Colonial Boy” is shot dead in a gun battle with police at Cambelltown, Sydney. Contrary to the popular song, “The Wild Colonial Boy” was John Donohue, transported from Ireland in 1824

1856 – Birth of Irish Nationalist Party leader John Redmond in Ballytrent, Co. Wexford

1864 – Roger Casement, British consular official and Irish nationalist, is born in Sandycove, Co. Dublin

1870 – Isaac Butt founds the Home Government Association; Home Rule is now the objective of constitutional nationalists

2000 – The number of people out of work falls to an 18-year low

2002 – Hugh Orde, Northern Ireland’s new chief constable vows to crack down on paramilitary “godfathers” who have orchestrated a series of unsolved sectarian murders.

September 2

1022 – Maelsechlainn II – “The great high king of Ireland” – dies
1649 – Siege of Drogheda begins
1752 – The Gregorian calendar is adopted in Ireland and Britain, 170 years after mainland Europe: 2 September is followed by 14 September
1893 – Second Home Rule Bill passed by House of Commons
1933 – Cummann na nGaedheal, the Centre Party, and the National Guard, once known as the “Blueshirts”, join forces to form Fine Gael
1942 – IRA Volunteer Tom Williams is hanged at Belfast’s Crumlin Road Jail
1998 – Sinn Féin formally nominate Mid-Ulster MP Martin McGuinness as its representative to work with the International Commission on Decommissioning
2002 – Ireland (Eire, Free State) forms an alliance with Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark and Greece in a bid to limit the expansion of nuclear energy
2002 – A Commission which includes loyalist paramilitaries calls on republican terror groups to join them in achieving calm along sectarian flashpoint areas.

September 3

1654 – The first Protectorate parliament meets; Ireland is represented by 30 members
1781 – Birth of William Sharman Crawford, radical politician, in Co. Down
1821 – The last day of George IV’s visit to Ireland
1842 – In Kill, Co. Kildare, birth of John Devoy, journalist and leading member of the Fenians
1850 – Charters are granted to colleges in Belfast (now Queen’s University), Cork (now UCC) and Galway (now UCG), under the Universities (Ireland) Act
1854 – Birth of Fanny Parnell, Land League agitator and sister of Charles Stewart Parnell
1905 – Birth of James “Snowy” Dunne, widely regarded as one of Ireland’s greatest centre forwards. He played for Arsenal, Southampton and the Shamrock Rovers
1943 – Birth of Liam Maguire, trade unionist and campaigner for disabled people
1963 – Death of poet Louis MacNeice
1972 – Mary Peters wins the women’s pentathlon in Munich and becomes the first Irish woman to win an Olympic Gold medal
1998 – Near the scene of the explosion, US President Bill Clinton and British Premier Tony Blair unveil a plaque in memory of the Omagh bombing victims
1998 – New Garda powers come into force which open the way for a clampdown on hardline extremists
2000 – Dom Columba Marmion, a Dublin priest who is credited with curing an American woman of cancer, is beatified by Pope John Paul II
In the liturgical calendar, it is the feast day of St. MacNis, baptised by St. Patrick, and later consecrated Bishop by the Saint.

September 4

1798 Cornwallis moves forward from Tuam to attack Castlebar
Humbert leaves Castlebar with 800 French troops and 1000 Irish rebels and moves into Co Sligo. His plan is to march to Ulster. Humbert marches all night. Rising takes place in Longford and Westmeath
1844 – Conspiracy judgment against Daniel O’Connell is reversed by House of Lords
1851 John Dillon, Nationalist politician, is born in Blackrock, Co. Dublin
1922 – Dónal Foley, journalist, humorist and author of ‘Man Bites Dog’ column in the Irish Times, is born in Ring, Co. Waterford
1976 – Women protest against men-only bathing at the Forty Foot in Sandycove.

September 5

1690 – Having failed to take Limerick, William leaves Ireland
1724 – In the guise of an Irish Patriot , M. B. Drapier, Jonathan Swift publishes “Drapier Letter III” – one of a series of letters designed to incite the people against a new coinage
1771 – Benjamin Franklin’s visit to Ireland begins
1785 – Edmond Sexton Pery resigns as Speaker of the Irish parliament on grounds of ill health. John Foster is unanimously elected to replace him
1798 – Humbert defeats small government force at Collooney, but suffers serious casualties; he camps at Dromahair. Longford rebels attack Granard and are routed. Westmeath rebels occupy Wilson’s Hospital
1930 – The first edition of the Irish Press, a Dublin daily newspaper founded by De Valera as a platform for Fianna Fáil, is published
1934 – Birth of Kevin McNamara MP, former Labour spokesman on Northern Ireland
1950 – Birth of Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, Fianna Fáil politician
1998 – President Clinton follows in the footsteps of John F. Kennedy and becomes a Freeman of Limerick. Today marks the end of his three-day visit to Ireland
1999 – History comes alive at Phoenix Park as the beating of the Millennium Drum signals the beginning of a week long celebration of Irish history and heritage
2000 – The Church of Ireland criticises Portadown Orange Order leader Harold Gracey for refusing to condemn the violence surrounding the Drumcree protest
2001 – The violent scenes of sectarian hatred witnessed at the Holy Cross school in Belfast make headlines in newspapers all over the world
2002 – US-owned communications equipment firm, Tellabs, announces it will close its Shannon plant in December with the loss of more than 400 jobs.
September 6
– Humbert marches to Drumkeeran. Lake is still tailing Humbert
1813 – Isaac Butt, barrister, politician and founder of the Home Rule movement, is born in Glenfin, Co. Donegal
1831 – Birth in Rosscarbery, Co. Cork of Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa, one of the founders of the Fenian Brotherhood
1974 – 19 Prisoners escape from Porlaoise Prison
1981 – Death of Christy Brown, the handicapped Dublin author, who learned to type with his left foot
1994 – Prime Minister of Dublin government meets with Sinn Fein President for the first time since the ratification of the 1922 Anglo-Irish Treaty
2002 – Death of Bobby Clancy of the Clancy Brothers.

September 7

1695 – Penal Laws are passed which restrict the rights of Catholics to have an education, to bear arms, or to possess a horse worth more than five pounds
1798 – Humbert crosses Shannon at Ballintra and camps at Cloone. Cornwallis crosses Shannon. Rebels at Wilson’s Hospital are routed; this ends the rebellion in the midlands
1823 Kevin Izod O’Doherty, transportee, physician and politician, is born in Dublin
1892 – John L. Sullivan loses his world heavyweight boxing title to another Irish American, James Corbett
1921 – Frank Duff founds the Association of Our Lady of Mercy, later to be known as the Legion of Mary
1948 – Taoiseach John A.Costello declares the Irish Free State a Republic
1980 – Galway wins the All Ireland Final
2001 – It is announced that US President George Bush is sending his special envoy, Richard Haass, to Northern Ireland to sound out parties on the ailing peace process.