September 22

1601 – Battle of Kinsale
1626 – Charles I offers twenty-six concessions (“graces”) to the Irish in return for subsidies to expand his army
1798 – Colonel Trench marches from Castlebar and takes Ballina
1864 – Col. James Mulligan, who commanded “Mulligan’s Irish Brigade,” dies of wounds sustained at the 3rd Battle of Winchester
1920 – Mid-Clare Brigade, IRA, kill six policemen near Miltown Malbay, Co. Clare
1998 – RUC chief constable Ronnie Flanagan announces further reductions in the level of British troop patrols
1998 – Taoiseach Bertie Ahern pushes for a decommissioning timetable from the IRA
2001 – High-ranking British and Spanish diplomats join President McAleese and Britain’s Prince Andrew to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the Battle of Kinsale
2002 – David Trimble calls on all IRA members to quit the paramilitary organisation and join its political wing to save the Northern peace process.

September 23

1586 – At the battle of Ardnaree in Co. Mayo, Sir Richard Bingham, governor of Connacht, surprises a force of redshanks (Scottish mercenary light infantrymen) engaged by the Burkes of Mayo; 1,000 redshanks and 1,000 camp followers are killed. Bingham hangs the leaders of the Burkes
1641 – The Gaelic Catholics of Ulster stage an uprising against the Scottish Presbyterian planters
1798 – Second Battle of Killala. Final surrender of combined French and Irish forces to the English
1970 – Sir Arthur Young announces his resignation as chief constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary
1992 – The IRA destroys Belfast’s forensic science laboratory with a huge bomb
2001 – Kevin Boland, who resigned from the Fianna Fáil Government during the 1970 Arms Crisis, dies after a short illness. He was the son of Gerald Boland, a 1916 veteran, confidant of Eamon de Valera, and long-time FF government minister; his uncle was the celebrated War of Independence hero, Harry Boland

2002 – The Listowel Races in Co. Kerry begin. For the first year in its history, which dates to 1858, it will be a seven-day meeting.

September 24

1661 – Faithful Tadpole is admitted as a clerical vicar choral of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin
1725 – Sir Arthur Guinness is born in Celbridge, Co. Kildare
1786 – Birth of Charles Bianconi, Irish passenger-car entrepreneur
1798 – United Irishman, Bartholomew Teeling, is hanged in Dublin
1801 – James Moore O’Donell, former MP for Ratoath, is killed in a duel with Major Denis Bingham in a feud over Co. Mayo politics
1880 – Mayo agent, Captain Charles Boycott, was sent to a ‘moral Coventry.’ He described his plight in a letter to The Times: “…people collect in crowds upon my farm and order off all my workmen. The shopkeepers have been warned to stop all supplies to my house. My farm is public property, I can get no workmen to do anything, and my ruin is openly avowed as the object of the Land League unless I throw up everything and leave the country”
1944 – Birth in Dublin of Eavan Boland, a poet who helped develop Arlen House, a feminist publishing company
1959 – Ireland’s first Ban Garda recruit – woman police-officer – is introduced to RTÉ listeners
1998 – Garda Commissioner Pat Byrne admits that the Real IRA leaders who ordered the Omagh bombing will probably never be prosecuted
1998 – First Minister David Trimble and his deputy Séamus Mallon are divided over the set-up of the Assembly’s power-sharing Executive

September 25

1697 – During William III’s reign, Catholic clergy are banished by Act of Parliament
1880 – Viscount Mountmorres is killed near Clonbur, Co. Galway
1917 – Thomas Ashe dies in the Mater Hospital in Dublin from the combined effects of a hunger strike and forced feeding at Mountjoy Jail. The following famous and much repeated Sean O’Casey quote “You cannot put a rope around the neck of an idea… you cannot confine it in the strongest prison cell that your slaves could ever build.” was made on the subject of the death of Thomas Ashe
1961 – Ronnie Whelan, Home Farm, Liverpool, Reading and Republic of Ireland footballer, is born in Dublin
1983 – 38 IRA prisoners break out of the Maze prison, 19 succeed in escaping
1999 – Protestant civil rights marchers blatantly defy a Belfast City Council ban to lay a wreath at the cenotaph to the victims of the Troubles during the so-called Long March
2000 – Sonia O’Sullivan wins a silver medal in the 5,000 meters at the Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia
2002 – Saying “He is no longer acceptable in our organisation,” Loyalist chief Johnny “Mad Dog” Adair is dumped by the leadership of the paramilitary Ulster Defence Association.

September 26

1289 – ‘All men of good will to the king’, both Irish and English, in Munster and Leinster are summoned to Buttevant in Leix (Queen’s County). A ten-day expedition which begins on this date, subdues and forces the local Irish into an uneasy peace
1713 – Charles Lucas, physician, MP and political radical, is born in Ballingaddy, Ennis, Co. Clare
1902 – James Dillon, politician and Fine Gael leader is born in Dublin
1930 – Saor Éire, a republican/socialist party, is founded by Peadar O’Donnell, Seán MacBride and other IRA members; it, the IRA and ten other organizations are declared illegal in the Free State on 23 October, and the Catholic Church excommunicates members of all 12 organizations. Saor Éire is soon dissolved
1932 – De Valera opens the 13th Assembly of the League of Nations in Geneva
1957 – Shamrock Rovers become the first League of Ireland team to play in the European Cup — they lose 6-0 to Manchester United
2000 – Ulster Unionist leader David Trimble warns that the Good Friday Agreement could vanish over plans for new policing arrangements and the IRA’s failure to disarm
2000 – Financier George Finbar Ross, whose Gibraltar-based International Investments company went bust in the mid-eighties owning millions to Irish investors, is cleared of the bulk of the charges against him
2001 – Thousands of teachers will be docked up to £500 each because of industrial action they took prior to last year’s State exams

September 27

1662 – An “act for encouraging Protestant strangers and others to inhabit and plant in the kingdom of Ireland” is passed in the Irish Parliament under Charles II
1725 – Patrick Darcy, scientist and soldier, is born in Kitulla, Co.Galway
1891 – Charles Stewart Parnell makes his last public appearance at Creggs, Co. Galway
1971 – Heath, Lynch and Faulkner meet for talks at Chequers
1973 – The first in an annual series of ecumenical conferences is held at Ballymascanlon, Co. Lout and is attended by representatives of al the main churches
1998 – Tony Blair calls for a crisis meeting with David Trimble, Seamus Mallon and Gerry Adams to try to break the deadlock which has arisen over the decommissioning of arms
1998 – Liam Neeson and Natasha Richardson announce they will donate a six-figure libel payout to a memorial fund for the victims of the Omagh bomb massacre
2000 – Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams accuses David Trimble of attempting to manufacture another artificial crisis in Northern Ireland
2000 – Thirty-three years after it was made, censors lift the ban on a film adaptation of James Joyce’s epic novel Ulysses
2001 – British Airways announces it is to close its Belfast-Heathrow route with 160 job losses. BA’s decision also means it will suspend its daily service to Gatwick from Shannon and Cork

September 28

1678 – ‘Popish plot’ is alleged in England
1690 – Marlborough takes Cork for the Williamites
1703 – Francis Annesley is expelled from the Irish Commons for his part in The Report of the Commissioners appointed by Parliament into the Irish Forfeitures, printed in London, containing the paragraph: ‘And indeed it does appear to us, that the Freeholders of this Kingdom, through length of time and by contracting new friendship with the Irish, or by inter-purchasing with one another, but chiefly through a general dislike of the disposition of the forfeitures, are scarce willing to find any person guilty of the late rebellion, even upon full evidence.’ The House has found that Annesley ‘scandalously and maliciously misrepresented and traduced the Protestant Freeholders of this Kingdom and thereby endeavoured to create a misunderstanding and jealousy between the people of England and the Protestants of this Kingdom’
1912 – Edward Carson, leader of Ulster Unionists, stages signing of “Southern League and Covenant” against Irish Home Rule
1920 – Cork No. 2 Brigade, IRA, attacks and captures a military barracks in Mallow, Co. Cork. English forces later burn and sack the town
1964 – Divis Street riots follow Ian Paisley’s insistence that the RUC remove the Tricolour from a window at Sinn Féin’s Belfast headquarters
1998 – Taoiseach Bertie Ahern vows to hand over all necessary papers to the Flood Tribunal investigation into alleged planning irregularities
1999 – The home of dual Olympian and arguably Ireland’s greatest ever athlete, the late Dr Pat O’Callaghan, is demolished in his adopted Clonmel to make way for a Rehab training facility
2000 – The Ulster Unionist Party warns that it may withdraw from all North South bodies established under the Good Friday Agreement unless guarantees are forthcoming on IRA decommissioning, and policing
2000 – A call for the IRA to be disbanded is made by Taoiseach Bertie Ahern when he reiterates the view that Fianna Fáil cannot go into government with Sinn Féin while that party remains linked to an armed force.

September 29

1155 – A proposal for the invasion of Ireland by Henry II is discussed at the Council of Winchester and rejected, though soon after, Henry obtains a papal privilege approving the invasion
1603 – Rory O’Donnell kisses the king’s hand and is created Earl of Tyrconnell
1678 – Count Peter Lacy, soldier, governor of Livonia (Latvia) and field-marshal in the Russian army, is born in Killeedy, Co. Limerick
1732 – Birth of Sir Henry Cavendish, politician and master of shorthand, who recorded parliamentary debates
1798 – Tandy and other Irish political prisoners in Hamburg are handed over to British authorities
1898 – Fenian Thomas Clarke is released from Portland Prison
1929 – The last active Fenian, John Devoy, dies
1930 – George Bernard Shaw refuses a peerage
1972 – Kathleen Daly Clarke, Irish patriot, dies
1979 – Pope John Paul II arrives in Dublin for the first ever papal visit to Ireland
2002 – In Co. Wicklow, five paintings, including two by the renowned artist, Rubens, are stolen in another raid on Russborough House which has a history of art thefts.

September 30
– A great council meets at Dublin on on this date; it states that Irish enemies and English rebels have conquered almost all of Limerick, Tipperary, Kilkenny, Wexford, Carlow, Kildare, Meath and Louth, so that hardly anything but Co. Dublin remains in the colony
1598 – The English poet Edmund Spenser is appointed Sheriff of Cork
1691 – The first recorded meeting of the Presbyterian general synod of Ulster is held at Antrim
1900 – Arthur Griffith forms Cumann na nGaedheal, which later becomes Sinn Féin
1959 – World premiere of the Sean O’Riada’s film Mise Éire, at Cork Film Festival
1994 – Michael Flannery, Irish patriot, dies in New York City
1998 – Northern Secretary Mo Mowlam holds out the prospect of troops being removed permanently from the streets of the North if paramilitary groups hand in their weapons
1998 – Gerry Adams warns there must be no slippage in full implementation of the Good Friday settlement

1998 – The first appearance together of David Trimble and Séamus Mallon on a Labour platform draws an enormous and spontaneous ovation from the 3,000 delegates attending the party conference in Blackpool

1999 – The Rev. Ian Paisley meets with Taoiseach Bertie Ahern on the question of arson attacks on churches in the border area. Ol' bigot

2001 – Thousands of Irish, New Yorkers and Irish-Americans pay tribute to the many Irish people who died in the terrorist attacks. Bishop John Buckley of Cork celebrated the mass with the Bishop of Killaloe at the Roman Catholic Holy Trinity church in Manhattan.