November 22
1869 – Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa, Fenian, contests and wins a Tipperary by-election in abstentia, but is declared ineligible as a convicted felon
1919 – Birth of Máire Drumm, Irish Republican, in Newry, Co. Armagh
1963 – The first Roman Catholic president of the United States, John F. Kennedy, is assassinated in Dallas, Texas
1974 – Hugh Callaghan, Patrick Hill, Robert Hunter, Noel McIlkenny, William Power and John Walker, who become known as “The Birmingham Six” are charged in connection with pub bombings which took place earlier in the week. Nineteen people were killed.
They are found guilty in August 1975 of carrying out the bombings and sentenced to life imprisonment. But they are released after 16 years in jail when their convictions are quashed by the Court of Appeal in May 1991. The real bombers are never prosecuted and no group has ever admitted planting devices. Three detectives are charged with perjury and conspiracy in connection with the investigation, but their trial is halted in 1993 on the grounds of prejudicial media coverage. The six men finally agree undisclosed compensation settlements in June 2002 – more than 10 years after they are freed.
1998 – Security forces in Northern Ireland brace themselves as fears grow over a new bomb-blitz alert, the first since the Omagh massacre
1999 – The North’s politicians are given an ultimatum when the British Government warns it will pull the plug on the planned Stormont institutions if the IRA fails to decommission its arms
1999 – A timetable for the transfer of power to an inclusive Northern Ireland executive is outlined to the House of Commons
2000 – Sinn Féin President Gerry Adams meets with Bertie Ahern on the forth coming Irish Budget
November 23
11845 – Charlotte Grace O’Brien, social reformer who campaigned against conditions on emigrant ships, is born
1867 – Fenians Michael Larkin, William Philip Allen, and Michael O’Brien – the “Manchester Martyrs” – are executed
1913 – Irish Citizen Army is founded in Dublin by James Larkin
November 24
1865 – Two weeks after being arrested, James Stephens escapes from Richmond prison, Dublin
1922 – Irish republican Erskine Childers is executed by the Free State government
1940 – Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, Sir James Craig, dies peacefully at his home on this date and is succeeded by the Minister of Finance John Andrews
1942 – Death of Peadar Kearney, writer of the Irish National Anthem, “A Soldier’s Song”
1972 – The RTÉ authority is replaced by the government after RTÉ broadcasts a radio interview with IRA leader Seán Mac Stiofáin
November 25
1713 – The second Irish parliament of Queen Anne sits from this date to 24 December. The Whig Alan Brodrick is elected Speaker for the second time, in place of John Forster, after a stormy contest with the government’s Tory nominee, Sir Richard Levinge
1784 – Napper Tandy asks for parliamentary reform for Ireland
1906 – Birth in Belfast of Saidie Paterson, trade unionist and peace activist
1913 – The Irish Volunteers, a militant nationalist splinter of the Irish Parliamentary Party and nationalist version of the 18th-century Ulster Volunteers, is founded by Eoin MacNeill at a mass meeting at the Rotunda, Dublin
November 26
1791 – First convicts from Ireland arrive in New South Wales, Australia
1955 – Saor Uladh (Free Ulster) a splinter group of the IRA, attacks the police barracks in Rosslea, Co. Fermanagh
1972 – RTÉ Journalist Kevin O’Kelly is imprisoned for contempt of court arising out of an interview with then Provisional IRA chief Séan MacStiofáin. Mr O’Kelly had refused to identify his interviewee in court
1972: Eight armed men protesting against the imprisonment of IRA leader Sean MacStiofain try to rescue him from a Dublin hospital. Police foil the attempt
1998 – Prime Minister Tony Blair makes a historic address to the Houses of the Oireacthas.
November 27
1906 – Death of Michael Cusack, one of the founders of the GAA.
1975 – Guinness Book of Records co-founder and editor Ross McWhirter dies of wounds inflicted by Irish gunmen; an outspoken critic of the IRA, the BBC Records Breaker presenter had recently offered a £50,000 reward for information leading to the arrest of IRA bombers.
November 28
1863 – Foundation of the Fenian newspaper, “Irish People”; John O’Leary is the editor
1899 -Irish units in the Boer army fight in the battle of Modder River
1905 The Irish political party Sinn Féin is founded in Dublin by Arthur Griffith
1920 – An entire patrol of 18 auxiliaries at Kilmichael, west Cork, is wiped out by a flying column under the command of General Tom Barry in what would be one of the most effective and bloody IRA ambushes of the war.
November 29
1330 – Edward III, on attaining his majority, executes Mortimer on this date and banishes his own mother, Isabella. This revolutionizes the political situation in Ireland and England
1641 – The Ulster rebels defeat the government forces at Julianstown Bridge
1740 – Edward Sewell, a “couple-beggar” – i.e. a clergyman who conducts illegal marriages involving Catholics and Protestants – is hanged at Stephen’s Green
1783 – Ulster Volunteers’ parliamentary reform bill is rejected by the Irish Parliament at College Green
1895 – Death of Denny Lane, Young Irelander, author and poet
1993 – The Conservative government has come under attack in the Commons over the revelations it has had secret contacts with the IRA
1998 – IRA leaders are on the brink of making a goodwill gesture which could kick-start the stalled North peace process
1999 – Pressure grows on the Provisional IRA to hand over weapons in the wake of Northern Ireland’s first power sharing Government in 25 years